Obesity Among WIC Participants Ages 2-4, 2000-2014
In recent years the national obesity rate among 2- to 4-year-olds has declined to 8.9 percent.1 Obesity among young children from low-income families also has declined: in 2014, 14.5 percent of 2- to 4-year-olds enrolled in WIC (the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children) had obesity, down from 15.9 percent in 2010. Rates decreased in 31 states and three territories, increased in four states, and remained stable in the rest between 2010 and 2014. The map below highlights the most recent state-level data among WIC preschoolers: rates exceeded 15 percent in 18 states and ranged from a low of 8.2 percent in Utah and a high of 20.0 percent in Virginia to in 2014.2 Learn more about policies and programs that aim to help children achieve a healthy weight during early childhood, including CDC's work in early care and education and WIC, which provides benefits to more than 4 million children under age 5.
Obesity Rate: WIC Participants Ages 2-4,
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Percent of WIC participants ages 2-4 with obesity
Obesity Among Participants Ages 2-4,
Data Source: The CDC and the USDA conducted a study analyzing trends in obesity from 2000 to 2014 among 2- to 4-year-old WIC participants. The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children Participant and Program Characteristics: a biennial census by USDA that includes participants who are certified to receive WIC benefits between April 1 and April 30 of the reporting year. Data for 2000, 2004, 2010, and 2014. The State of Obesity interactive also includes data for 2008.
1 Ogden CL, Carroll MD, Fryar CD, Flegal KM. Prevalence of obesity among adults and youth: United States, 2011–2014. NCHS data brief, no 219. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2015.
2 Pan L, Freedman DS, Sharma AJ, et al. Trends in Obesity Among Participants Aged 2-4 Years in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children - United States, 2000–2014. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) 2016;65:1256–1260. DOI.