SNAP Impact Assessment

Millions Would Lose SNAP Eligibility Under Provisions of House Farm Bill

September 6, 2018—About one in 11 households receiving Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits would lose eligibility under certain provisions of the House Farm Bill—H.R. 2, the Agriculture Improvement Act—according to a microsimulation conducted by Mathematica Policy Research. Using SNAP data from fiscal year 2015, the analysis, funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, found that nearly 2 million participating households would no longer be eligible.

Among these households, 34% (677,000 households) include seniors, 23% (469,000 households) include children, and 11% (214,000 households) include those with a disability. Of the households with children losing eligibility, more than half (53%) live in poverty.

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Simulating Proposed Changes to the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: Countable Resources and Categorical Eligibility

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Fast Facts

2M

Nearly 2 million households participating in SNAP would lose eligibility under certain provisions of the House Farm Bill, based on data from 2015.

469K

Of those households, 469,000, or roughly 23%, include children.

53%

Of the households with children who could lose eligibility, more than half, 53%, are living in poverty.

The impact assessment also found that an estimated 283,000 households would become newly eligible for SNAP under those provisions and choose to participate in the program. The microsimulation model, developed for the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Food and Nutrition Service, estimates the effects of proposed changes to SNAP eligibility, participation and benefits. Because the number of SNAP-participating households has decreased since 2015, the number of households losing and gaining eligibility would likely be somewhat smaller if the provisions of H.R. 2 were enacted this year.

“SNAP serves a crucial role in protecting our nation’s children and families who are struggling to gain access to necessities like affordable food. The findings of this impact assessment demonstrate that those who rely on SNAP—two-thirds of whom are children, older adults and people with disabilities—should have access to benefits without undue barriers to eligibility, enrollment or utilization.”

Jasmine Hall Ratliff, program officer, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

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SNAP Benefits

Between 800,000 and 1.1 million households receiving SNAP benefits in 2017 would experience a $50 to $75 cut in their monthly benefit under certain provisions of the House Farm Bill.

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Priority Policy: SNAP

The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), formerly known as the Food Stamp Program, is the nation’s largest nutrition assistance program, helping feed more than 40 million Americans each month.

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SNAP Participation Rates

The percentage of residents participating in SNAP ranges from 6% in Wyoming to 23% in New Mexico.

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